Wednesday, 4 February 2009
Samuel de Champlain - Part 3
[1-Samuel de Champlain (c. 1575 - 25 December 1635)
After meeting with King Henri IV during the winter of 1609-10, Champlain had returned for another expedition and another battle, in which he was wounded by the Iroquois. Once again he returned to France over the winter to secure the economic and political backing that would preserve his little colony.
[2-King Louis XIII]
Champlain was able to acquire noble and politically powerful sponsors who could help him with the new king, Louis XIII (photo). He returned to France in 1611, and while there he married Helen Boulle, who, after his death, became an Ursuline nun.*
On March 29, 1613, Champlain arrived back in New France and ensured that his new royal commission be proclaimed. Champlain set out on May 27 to continue his exploration of the Huron country and in hopes of finding the "northern sea" he had heard about (this may have been Hudson Bay). He traveled the Ottawa River, later giving the first description of this area (In 1953, a rock was found at a location now known as the Champlain lookout (photo), which bore the inscription Champlain juin 2, 1613).
[3-Champlain Lookout in Gatineau Hills - click to enlarge]
It was in June that he met with Tessouat, the Algonquin chief of Allumettes Island (photo), and offered to build the tribe a fort if they were to move from the area they occupied, with its poor soil, to the locality of the Lachine Rapids.
[4-Isle-aux-Allumettes in Ottawa River]
By August 26 Champlain was back in Saint Malo (photo). There he wrote an account of his life from 1604 to 1612 and his journey up the Ottawa river, his Voyages and published another map of New France. In 1614 he formed the "Compagnie des Marchands de Rouen et de Saint-Malo" and "Compagnie de Champlain", which bound the Rouen and Saint-Malo merchants for eleven years. He returned to New France in the spring of 1615 with four Recollects (a French branch of the Roman Catholic order, the Franciscans) in order to further religious life in the new colony. The Roman Catholic Church would be given en seigneurie (photo) large and valuable tracts of land estimated at nearly 30% of all the lands granted by the French Crown in New France.
[7-Samuel de Champlain Map of New France in 1612]
Sources: Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Samuel_de_Champlain
Library and Archives Canada here = http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/2/3/h3-1410-e.html
The Penguin History of Canada by Robert Bothwell, pp. 29.
Photo Credits: -wikipedia -Kasia CC=nd-flickr.