Gros Morne National Park is a World Heritage Site located on the island of Newfoundland in the Gulf of St. Lawrence.
[1- Lomond River Valley]
Trout River, Lomond River, the East Branch of the Lomond River, and Deer Arm Brook are scheduled rivers and restricted to fly-fishing. A provincial inland fishing license is required for non-residents to fish in Gros Morne National Park. Retail outlets such as service stations, hardware stores, etc. sell licenses. A salmon license is required on scheduled waters.
Native species of fish include: Atlantic salmon, Brook trout, arctic char, Rainbow smelt, American eel, Atlantic tomcod, Alewife, Fourspine stickleback, Threespine stickleback, Blackspotted stickleback and Ninespine stickleback. Rainbow trout are considered an exotic species that have been introduced.
[2-Trout River Pond]
From June to September there are two 2.5 hour boat tours: one on Trout River Pond, a 15 km long former fjord, lying in a glaciated valley between the golden Tablelands and the massive cliffs of the Gregory Plateau; and the second tour on Western Brook Pond between massive billion year old cliffs.
[3– Western Brook Pond]
The Western Brook Pond fjord in Gros Morne National Park provides a dramatic setting for a boat tour. The Long Range Mountains, the northernmost extent of the Appalachians, contain numerous glacially-carved fjords. One of the most spectacular is the Park's largest lake, Western Brook Pond. This 16 km lake with a depth of 165m is home to Atlantic Salmon, Brook Trout and Arctic Char, as well as an unusual colony of cliff nesting gulls.
[4– Western Brook Gorge 8 - click to enlarge]
[5-Western Brook Pond]
The coast along the Gulf of St. Lawrence from Trout River to Bonne Bay includes the Green Gardens and three primitive campsites for hikers: picnic tables and pit toilets. Campfires are only permitted on the beach. Permits for these campsites can be purchased from the Park Warden.
[6 - Sea stack]
This coast has a wonderful array of sea stacks, coves and beaches topped by lush cliff-top meadows. Residents of Trout River graze their sheep in the summer on these meadows.
The animals that are now considered native to the Island made their way over in the past 15,000 years, came from the mainland by swimming, flying or walking across the pack ice. This isolation has created subspecies, 9 of the Island’s 14 native land mammals are distinct from their mainland relatives. Native animals are: the little brown bat, northern long-eared bat, the Arctic hare (rare—lowest reproductive rate of any hare or rabbit in the word—one litter per year with only three young),
American beaver, meadow vole, muskrat (rare), wolf (extinct), red fox, black bear (larger than its counterparts in North America – 90 kg to 270 kg), ermine weasels, marten (endangered), otter (uncommon), lynx, and caribou.
[7- Bull Moose]
Animals that have been introduced are: common shrew, snowshoe hare, chipmunk (rare), red squirrel, deer mouse, house mouse, bank vole (rare), red-backed vole (rare), Norway rat (uncommon), Arctic fox (accidental), Polar bears (accidental), mink and moose (from two introduced in 1874 and four others in 1904 resulting in the highest density population of moose for the park).
There is no legal hunting in Gros Morne National Park.
For bird watchers there are 239 species of which 105 have nested on the Island.
Other activities of the park include kayaking, swimming, hiking, wilderness hiking, picnics, cross-country skiing and snowmobiling.
To enter this wilderness park for the activities you plan to undertake, you must be aware of the park’s natural hazards, be properly equipped and prepared for emergencies. Two fundamental areas that are required: survival, and hypothermia. For more information on these topics refer to the St. John Ambulance “Official Wilderness First Aid Guide”.
Research: Parks Canada, wikipedia.
Photo Credits: -mdmarkus66 CC=nc-nd-flickr, -JohnW CC=nc-nd-flickr, -dragonwoman CC=nc-flickr, -aconcagua GFDL, Cc-by-sa-2.5, -Calypso Orchid CC=nc-nd-flickr, -kasey kasey CC=nc-sa-flickr.
A few previous photos were removed and replaced due to status change on the flickr commons.